This Week in Women’s Business History

July 26 – August 1

Jul. 26, 1969
Elsie Oschrin Bregman dies. Bregman was a psychologist who worked for RH Macy between 1919 and 1921 researching company recruitment, selection, and training procedures. She spent most of her career in private practice.

Jul. 27, 1970
Helen Rogers Reid dies. Helen Rogers married into the family that owned the New York Tribune (later the New York Herald Tribune). In 1918, six years after her husband became editor, Helen joined the paper’s advertising department. She stayed thirty-seven years and was able to turn the newspaper from a money-loser into one of the top papers in New York. TIME magazine wrote of her in a 1934 cover story, “Though her husband owns nearly all of the newspaper’s stock and has the title of editor, the Herald Tribune today as a business is largely Helen Rogers Reid.”

Jul. 28, 1903
St. Luke Penny Savings Bank of Richmond, VA is chartered, and Maggie L. Walker is chosen as president.

Jul. 29, 1893
Dorothy Shaver is born. She was president of Lord & Taylor department store in 1945.

Jul. 30, 1913
Julia Sze is born. She was director of the costume design department at CBS.

Jul. 31, 1831
Sarah J. Tompkins Garnet is born. She was the first African-American woman to serve as a principal in the New York Public School system.

Aug. 1, 1930
Eleanor “Cissy” Medill Patterson, heir to the Chicago Tribune fortune, becomes editor and publisher of William Randolph Hearst’s Washington (DC) Herald newspaper.

Last week in women’s business history

Jul. 19, 2012
Sylvia Woods dies. In 1962 she bought a small diner in Harlem, created Sylvia’s Restaurant, and earned the moniker the Queen of Soul Food. She expanded her business to include prepared foods sold nationwide in grocery stores under the Sylvia’s brand, and a catering company.

Jul. 20, 1933
J.J. Dickerman dies. For years Dickerman was the manager and purchasing agent of the Benton Harbor-St. Joseph Gas Company in Michigan. When the company was purchased in 1913, she was forced to leave. She moved into the insurance business where she had a long, successful career.

Jul. 21, 1902
Herlinda M. Rodriguez is born. She was president of the soft-drink producer, Dragon Bottling Company.

Jul. 22, 1882
Jean Arnot Reid is born. She was a banker who managed the women’s department of Bankers Trust.

Jul. 23, 1928
Ruth Whitney is born. Between 1967 and 1993 she was editor of Glamour magazine.

Jul. 24, 1914
Frances Oldham Kelsey is born. She was a pharmacologist and physician who headed the Food and Drug Administration’s Division of New Drugs.

Jul. 25, 1954
Mary M. Bartelme dies. Bartelme helped found the nation’s first juvenile court and later served as a judge in it. She graduated from Northwestern University’s law school in 1894.

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